1. In the Neolithic epoch. about 8000 B. C. . a new civilisation and civilization developed. The ground for this development was the alteration to hunting and assemblage to cultivation of agribusiness that permitted adult male to settle down for good stoping mobile being.
2. The Sumerians invented the first written linguistic communication called Cuneiform.
3. Polytheistic Religion is the belief in many Supreme beings.
4. Epic poem of Gilgamesh was the first literary narrative with a supporter with a name and personality. and earliest written record of the find of decease
5. One of the first established codifications of jurisprudence was the Hammurabi.
6. Why was the Hammurabi’s Code of jurisprudence so important? Explain in your ain words. It gave society regulations that they needed to follow. I think Hammurabi’s Code of jurisprudence taught people that everyone is and should be treated equal.
7. Harmonizing to the cultural era theory Mesopotamian civilisations were characterized by period of adaptations and accommodations.
8. In your sentiment compose a paragraph explicating how you see the application of the cultural Epoch Theory as an account of the Mesopotamian civilisations. Cultural Epoch Theory is based on three phases. pandemonium. accommodation. and balance. There three phases must go on in order for civilisation to last. The Cultural Epoch Theory should go on to happen in order to maintain the proper balance amongst society. I believe this theory is a great manner to place Mesopotamian Civilization.
9. The Iranian civilization produced a monotheistic or Manichaean faith known as Mazdaism
Chapter 2: Ancient United arab republic
1. When political and spiritual governments are the same. the authorities is a Homogeneous.
2. The Maat is the Egyptian codification of moralss.
3. Compared to Mesopotamia. antediluvian Egypt’s civilization harmonizing to the cultural era theory is characterized by Theocracy.
4. Ancient Egyptians developed written linguistic communication. made up of pictographic symbols for words called Hieroglyphs.
5. Egyptians used heavy rock columns and horizontal slabs to construct their constructions utilizing the station and header building technique.
6. Art manners in ancient Egypt remained changeless for over 2. 000 old ages!
7. Write why you think ancient Egypt was “the gift of the Nile River” and why you think ancient Egypt had really small contact with environing civilisation for many centuries. I believe ancient Egypt was “the gift of the Nile River” because of its location in the Sahara desert. and because of its dry location. The river provided H2O and dirt which irrigated the Nile Delta. All husbandmans knew when it would deluge. and fix their Fieldss. Ancient Egypt had really small contact with environing civilisation for many centuries because of isolation. This kept foreign thoughts and influences from interrupting their cultural balance and they were free of foreign invasion through most of their history.
8. Write a paragraph explicating how the cultural era theory explains the stableness of Egyptian civilization for over 2. 000 old ages. What differences do you detect ( in your sentiment ) between Egypt and the Mesopotamian civilisations of Chapter 1? Stability for the Egyptians was good kept for over 2. 000 old ages due to the fact of how it was founded. It made societies life gratifying. and deserving life. Cultural Epoch Theory in Egypt was homogeneous. which was great for all. In my sentiment. the difference between Egypt and Mesopotamian civilisation is that they were wholly opposite. Mesopotamian’s society was non gratifying. it was a difficult life they lived. and was non welcoming. They went through six rhythms of alterations while Egyptians were homogeneous. Egyptians were believing of an hereafter. while Mesopotamians were non.
Epic of Gilgamesh
1. What are the subjects of this heroic poem and which do you believe is the major subject? The subjects of this heroic poem are love. seduction. and decease ; in which decease being the major subject.
2. Who civilized Enkidu. and what does it intend to be barbarian and civilized to these Sumerians? A temple cocotte civilized Enkidu. Bing civilized to the Sumerians means being accepted to society. good educated. and has changed for the better. The Sumerians consider to term barbarian to intend without ethical motives and non cognizing about how society works.
3. What sort of personalities do the Gods have and what function do they play in men’s lives? The best manner to specify the personalities of God’s is that they are unsafe for persons. they are out for themselves. and can non “act” like grownups. They play a large function in men’s lives because adult male is fearful of them. Work force are intimidated by the God’s.
4. What have you learned about the sort of people the Mesopotamians were or their civilization from the reading? The Mesopotamian civilization had many God’s non merely one. They had a God for love. a sky God. and a God of fresh H2O. Society was all over the topographic point. there was no uniformity. and many clashed against each other.
5. How does the Epic of Gilgamesh speak to you or how do you associate to the narrative? The Epic of Gilgamesh speaks to me by the whole construct of how life was a really long clip ago. How society has took a 180. and changed. I found it weird how a cocotte civilized Enkidu. in which nowadays being a cocotte is illegal. It opened my eyes to recognize how much things have changed for the better. Although people do brainsick things for love. this heroic poem goes to that extreme. How people would make anything for love. and fondness.